Southern Twilight HTML Tutorial and Tag Examples

Below is a listing of all the HTML 4.01 tags. Click on a tag below to jump quickly to that tags listing in the full reference list.

Quick Search Tag List
<!--comments--> <dd> <kbd> <select>
<!DOCTYPE>  <del> <label> <small>
<a> <dfn> <legend> <span>
<abbr> <div> <li> <strong>
<acronym> <dl> <link> <style>
<address> <dt> <map> <sub>
<area> <em> <meta> <sup>
<b> <fieldset> <noframes> <table>
<base> <form> <noscript> <tbody>
<bdo> <frame> <object> <td>
<big> <frameset> <ol> <textarea>
<blockquote> <h1> to <h6> <optgroup> <tfoot>
<body> <head> <option> <th>
<br> <hr> <p> <thead>
<button> <html> <param> <title>
<caption> <i> <pre> <tr>
<cite> <iframe> <samp> <tt>
<code> <img> <script> <q>
<col> <input>   <ul>
<colgroup> <ins>   <var>

Structure Tags - click on the tag for more info about it
Function Start Tag Attributes End Tag
Document type <!DOCTYPE> Strict -
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN">

Transitional -
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">

Frameset -
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Frameset//EN">
none
HTML page <html> none </html>
Page Heading <head> none </head>
Page Title <title> none (Maximum number of characters to use is 60) </title>
Hidden Comments <!-- Your comments go between the start and end tags. Put a space between the -- and your comments. The comments will not show up on the page, only in the code. -->
Body <body> none
</body>
Division <div> id="idname"
style="property:value;"
class="classname"
</div>
Span (inline) <span> id="idname"
style="property:value;"
class="classname"
</span>
Object <object> align="left/right/top/bottom
archive="URL"
border="pixels"
classid="class ID"
codebase="URL"
code type="MIME type"
data="URL"
declare="declare"
height="pixels"
hspace="pixels"
name="unique_name"
standby="text"
type="MIME type"
usemap="URL"
vspace="pixels"
width="pixels"
</object>
Object parameters <param /> name="unique_name"
id="idname"
type="MIME type"
value="value"
valuetype="data/ref/object"
none

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Basic Text Tags - click on the tag for more info on it
Function Start Tag Attributes End Tag
Abbreviation <abbr> none </abbr>
Acronym <acronym> none </acronym>
Bi-direction override <bdo> dir="ltr (left to right) / rtl (right to left)" </bdo>
Line Break <br /> clear="left/right/all" none
Paragraph <p> none </p>
Bold Text <b> none </b>
Italic Text <i> none </i>
Teletype Text <tt> none </tt>
Headings <h1 thru 6> none </h1 thru 6>
Horizontal Rule <hr /> none none
Block Quote <blockquote> none </blockquote>
Citation <cite> none </cite>
Address <address> none </address>
Emphasize <em> none </em>
Subscript Text <sub> none </sub>
Superscript Text <sup> none </sup>
Big Text <big> none </big>
Small Text <small> none </small>
Computer Code Text <code> none </code>
Keyboard Text <kbd> none </kbd>
Preformatted Text <pre> none </pre>
Sample Computer Code <samp> none </samp>
Variable Text <var> none </var>
Deleted Text <del> cite="url"
datetime="YYYYMMDD"
</del>
Definition Term <dfn> none </dfn>
Inserted Text <ins> cite="url"
datetime="YYYYMMDD"
</ins>
Strong Emphasized Text <strong> none </strong>
Short Quotation <q> none </q>

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List Tags - click on the tag for more info on it
Function Start Tag Attributes End Tag
Unordered List <ul> none </ul>
Ordered List <ol> none </ol>
List Item <li> none </li>
Definition List <dl> none </dl>
Definition Term <dt> none </dt>
Terms Definition <dd> none </dd>

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Link Tags - click on the tag for more info on it
Function Start Tag Attributes End Tag
Anchor Link <a> charset="character encoding"
coords=""

[if shape="rect" then coords="left,top,right,bottom""

if shape="circ" then coords="centerx,centery,radius"

if shape="poly" then coords="x1,y1,x2,y2,..,xn,yn"]

href="filename"
hreflang="language code"
name="section name"

rel="alternate/designates/stylesheet/start/
next/prev/contents/index/glossary/copyright/
chapter/section/subsection/appendix/help/bookmark"

rev="alternate/designates/stylesheet/start/next/
prev/contents/index/glossary/copyright/chapter/
section/subsection/appendix/help/bookmark"

shape="rect/circ/poly"
target="windowname/_blank/_parent/_self/_top"
type="mime type"
</a>
Anchor Mark <a> href="#markname"
name="markname"
</a>
Base <base /> target="framename/_self/_top/_parent"
(Note the underscores)
none
Button Link <button> disabled
name="button name"
type="button/reset/submit"
value="value name"
</button>

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Image Tags - click on the tag for more info on it
Function Start Tag Attributes End Tag
Insert Image <img /> src="filename"
width="XXX"
height="XXX"
alt="text that describes image"
ISMAP
USEMAP="#mapname"
none

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Client-side Imagemap Tags - click on the tag for more info on it
Function Start Tag Attributes End Tag
Define Map <map> id="idname"
name="mapname"
</map>
Area Definition <area /> shape="rect/circle/poly/point"
coords="X,Y,X,Y"
href="imagename"
none

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Table Tags - click on the tag for more info on it
Function Start Tag Attributes End Tag
Table <table> border="X"
cellspacing="XX"
cellpadding="XX"
frame="void/above/below/hsides/lhs/rhs/vsides/box/border" must use with border=""
rules="none/groups/rows/cols/all" must use with border=""
summary="table name"
width="XX/X%"
</table>
Table Row <tr> align="left/center/right"
valign="top/middle/bottom/baseline"
</tr>
Table Data <td> abbr="abbr text"
align="left/center/right/justify/char"
axis="category names"
char="character to align" Only used if align="char"
charoff="pixels/%" Only used if align="char"
colspan="X"
headers="header cells' id"
rowspan="X"
scope="col/colgroup/row/rowgroup"
valign="top/middle/bottom/baseline"
width="pixels/%"
</td>
Table Header <th> abbr="abbr text"
align="left/center/right/justify/char"
axis="category names"
char="character to align" Only used if align="char"
charoff="pixels/%" Only used if align="char"
colspan="X"
headers="header cells' id"
rowspan="X"
scope="col/colgroup/row/rowgroup"
valign="top/middle/bottom/baseline"
width="pixels/%"
</th>
Caption <caption> none </caption>
Column (can oly be used with colgroup) <col> align="right/left/center/justify/char"
char="character to align text"
charoff="pixels/%"
span="xx"
valign="top/middle/bottom/baseline"
width="%/pixels/relative length"
</col>
Column Group <colgroup> align="right/left/center/justify/char"
char="character to align text"
charoff="pixels/%"
span="xx"
valign="top/middle/bottom/baseline"
width="%/pixels/relative length"
</colgroup>
Table Body <tbody> align="right/left/center/justify/char"
char="character to align text"
charoff="pixels/%"
valign="top/middle/bottom/baseline"
</tbody>
Table Footer <tfoot> align="right/left/center/justify/char"
char="character to align text"
charoff="pixels/%"
valign="top/middle/bottom/baseline"
</tfoot>
Table Header <thead> align="right/left/center/justify/char"
char="character to align text"
charoff="pixels/%"
valign="top/middle/bottom/baseline"
</thead>

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Frame Tags - click on the tag for more info on it
Function Start Tag Attributes End Tag
Set Frames <frameset> cols="XX/%/*"
rows="XX/%/*"
</frameset>
Frame Definition <frame> frameborder="0/1"
longdesc"url"
marginwidth="pixels"
marginheight="pixels"
name="framename"
noresize
scrolling="auto/yes/no"
src="filename"
</frame>
Inline Frame <iframe> frameborder="0/1"
longdesc"url"
marginwidth="pixels"
marginheight="pixels"
name="framename"
noresize
scrolling="auto/yes/no"
src="filename"
</iframe>
No Frames <noframes> Between start and end tags, place the content that appears when a non-frames browser loads this page. </noframes>

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Form Tags - click on the tag for more info on it
Function Start Tag Attributes End Tag
Form <form> accept="list of contents"
accept-charset=""
action="the programs name"
enctype="text/plain"
method="get/post"
name="form name"
target="_blank/_self/_parent/_top"
</form>
Input Field <input> accept="list of mime types"
align="left/right/top/texttop/middle/        absmiddle/baseline/bottom/absbottom"
alt="image description"
Checked
Disabled
maxlength="" used with type="text"
name="variablename" used with type=""
readonly
src="image url"
size="xx"
type="button,checkbox/file/hidden/image/       password/radio/reset/submit/text"
value="value"
none
Selection List <select> disabled
name="variablename"
size="XX"
multiple
</select>
Selection Option <option> disabled
label
selected
value
</option>
Scrolling Text Field <textarea> cols="XX"
disabled
name="variablename"
rows="XX"
readonly
</textarea>
Label for a field <label> for="id_of_another_field" </label>
Draws box around field of elements <fieldset> none </fieldset>
Defines a caption for a fieldset <legend> align="left/center/right" </legend>
Defines an option group <optgroup> label="text_label"
disabled
</optgroup>

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Meta Tags - click on the tag for more info on it
Function Start Tag Attributes End Tag
Server Refresh metatag <meta /> http-equiv="refresh"
content="seconds, url"
none
Cookie metatag <meta /> http-equiv="set-cookie"
content="value=cookiename=some value;
expires=date cookie expires;
path=url"
none
Content metatag <meta /> name="keywords[maximum of 874 characters in content]/
description[maximum of 150 characters in content]/ author/robots/generator/rating/expiration/
copyright/language/classification/distribution/
revisit-after/reply-to"

content="your information"
none

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Style Sheet Tags - click on the tag for more info on it
Function Start Tag Attributes End Tag
Style Definition Area <style> type="text/css"
Style declarations go between begin and end style tags
</style>

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External Files Link Tag - click on the tag for more info on it
Function Start Tag CSS Attributes JavaScript Attributes End Tag
Link to external CSS and JavaScript Files <link> rel="stylesheet"
type="text/css"
href="URL"
rel="javascript"
type="text/javascript"
href="URL"
none

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JavaScript Tags - click on the tag for more info on it
Function Start Tag Attributes End Tag
Script Definition Area <script> type="text/javascript"
Script declarations go between begin and end script tags
</script>
For browsers without javascript capability <noscript> none </noscript>

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Click here for info on ASCII Special Characters      These are the main ones used
Name Symbol HTML Name Equivalent HTML Number Equivalent
exclaimation mark ! &excl; &#33;
double quotes " &quot; &#34;
number sign # &num; &#35;
dollar sign $ &dollar; &#36;
percent sign % &percnt; &#37;
ampersand & &amp; &#38;
apostrophe ' &apos; &#39;
left parenthesis ( &lpar; &#40;
right parenthesis ) &rpar; &#41;
asterisk * &ast; &#42
plus sign + &plus; &#43;
comma , &comma; &#44;
minus or hyphen - &minus; or &hyphen; &#45;
period . &period; &#46;
slash / &sol; &#47;
colon : &colon; &#58;
semicolon ; &semi; &#59;
less than < &lt; &#60;
equals sign = &equals; &#61;
greater than > &gt; &#62;
question mark ? &quest; &#63;
at sign @ &commat; &#64;
left square bracket [ &lsqb; &#91;
backslash \ &bsol; &#92;
right square bracket ] &rsqb; &#93;
caret ^ &circ; &#94;
underscore _ &lowbar; &#95;
acute accent ` &grave; &#96;
left curly brace { &lcub; &#123;
vertical bar | &verbar; &#124;
right curly brace } &rcub; &#125;
tilde ~ &tilde; &#126;
low horizontal ellipsis &hellip; &#133;
dagger mark &dagger; &#134;
double dagger mark &Dagger; &#135;
left single quote &lsquo; &#145;
right single quote &rsquo; &#146;
left double quote &ldquo; &#147;
right double quote &rdquo; &#148;
round filled bullet &bull; &#149;
en dash &ndash; &#150;
em dash &mdash; &#151;
trademark &trade; &#153;
non-breaking space   &nbsp; &#160;
inverted exclamation ¡ &iexcl; &#161;
cent sign ¢ &cent; &#162;
broken vertical bar ¦ &brvbar; &#166;
section sign § &sect; &#167;
umlaut ¨ &uml; &#168;
copyright symbol © &copy; &#169;
left angle quote « &laquo; &#171;
not sign ¬ &not; &#172;
registered trademark ® &reg; &#174;
degree sign ° &deg; &#176;
plus or minus ± &plusmn; &#177;
superscript two ² &sup2; &#178;
superscript three ³ &sup3; &#179;
acute accent ´ &acute; &#180;
paragraph sign &para; &#182;
middle dot · &middot; &#183;
cedilla ¸ &cedil; &#184;
superscript one ¹ &sup1; &#185;
right angle quote » &raquo; &#187
one-fourth ¼ &frac14; &#188;
one-half ½ &frac12; &#189;
three-fourths ¾ &frac34; &#190;
inverted question mark ¿ &iquest; &#191;
multiply sign × &times; &#215;
division sign ÷ &divide; &#247;

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